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Turkmenistan 2015: existing challenges to the permanent neutrality and the strategic development of the multivector energy policy

Turkmenistan 2015: existing challenges to the permanent neutrality and the strategic development of the multivector energy policy Fabio Indeo  Hanyang University, Seoul fabindeus@hotmail.com     As the country with the fourth largest natural gas reserves in the world, Turkmenistan is aiming to diversify its energy export routes in order to …

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Kyrgyzstan 2014: The painful march towards the Eurasian Union as the lesser evil?

Kyrgyzstan 2014: The painful march towards the Eurasian Union as the lesser evil? Matteo Fumagalli Central European University fumagallim@ceu.hu     Introduction Since his victorious presidential campaign back in 2011, Almazbek Sharshenovich Atambayev had pledged that Kyrgyzstan’s foreign policy would be markedly pro-Russian, heralding a break with the small Central …

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Turkmenistan 2014: Security concerns and unfulfilled diversification of export energy routes

Turkmenistan 2014: security concerns and unfulfilled diversification of export energy routes Fabio Indeo   Visiting Research Associate, Hanyang University Seoul fabindeus@hotmail.com   Introduction   In 2014 Turkmenistan further enhanced its position in the regional political and economic chessboard, developing relations of cooperation with both Central Asian countries and non-regional countries, …

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Turkmenistan 2013: ascesa di un nuovo attore geopolitico regionale?

Turkmenistan: ascesa di un nuovo attore geopolitico regionale? di Fabio Indeo   Introduzione   Due significative novità – potenzialmente prodromiche ad un graduale processo di democratizzazione – hanno caratterizzato lo scenario politico turkmeno nel corso del 2013: la rinuncia del presidente Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov alla carica di presidente del Partito Democratico …

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